Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions

6:286–290 (2005)


Percutaneous Fenestration Closure with ProblematicResidual Native Atrial Septum



Abraham Rothman, MD, William N Evans, MD, Gary A Mayman, MD



Children's Heart Center Nevada,3006 S Maryland Pkwy, Ste 690, Las Vegas, NV 89109, USA. Email:



A variety of techniques have been utilized to close Fontan fenestrations. Among 20 patients who underwent a cardiac catheterization for fenestrationclosure, 3 patients had residual native atrial septum, forming an additional intermediate chamber on the pulmonary venous side of the fenestration. Three different methods were used to close these fenestrations.


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