Received: 18 February 2015 / Accepted: 25 March 2015

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

A Short History of Cardiac Inspection: A Quest “To See with a Better Eye”

 

Author

William N Evans, MD

 

Source

Children’s Heart Center Nevada, 3006 S Maryland Pkwy, Ste 690, Las Vegas, Nevada 89109, USA. Email: wnevans50@aol.com.

 

Abstract

Cardiac examination has evolved over centuries.  The goal of cardiac evaluation, regardless the era, is to ‘‘see’’ inside the heart to diagnose congenital and acquired intra-cardiac structural and functional abnormalities.  This article briefly reviews the history of cardiac examination and discusses contemporary best, evidence-based methods of cardiac inspection.

 

Full Article Text